Types of Scoliosis: Adolescents
Scoliosis in patients between 10 and 18 years of age is termed adolescent scoliosis and can be due to many causes. These include an underlying neuromuscular condition such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy, or can be associated with genetic disorders or can be congenital where part of the spine has not developed normally. By far the most common type of scoliosis in the adolescent period is one in which the cause is not known and is called idiopathic or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Although significant ongoing research continues in this area, including the genetic basis for AIS, there are no identifiable causes for this condition today. Despite this, we currently have accurate methods to determine the risk for curve progression of scoliosis and good methods of treatment.