Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)
An International Organization Dedicated to the Education, Research and Treatment of Spinal Deformity
Our Mission is to Foster Optimal Care for All Patients with Spinal Deformities
Glossary items beginning with C (6).
Cervical Spine - Seven spinal segments (C1-C7) between the base of the skull (occiput) and the thoracic spine. The normal cervical spine alignment is lordosis.
Cervicothoracolumbosacral orthosis (CTLSO) - A type of brace which immobilizes the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. This may be used to help stabilize/ prevent progression of scoliosis curve(s) while a child is growing, or to immobilize the spine after surgery.
Coccyx - The last segment of the spine, below the sacrum, also called the tailbone.
Compensatory Curve - In spinal deformity, a secondary curve located above or below the structural curvature, which develops in order to maintain normal body alignment.
Congenital scoliosis - Scoliosis due to bony abnormalities of the spine present at birth. These anomalies are classified as failure of vertebral formation and/or failure of segmentation.
Corpectomy - The surgical removal of all or part of the vertebral body.