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Glossary

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Glossary items beginning with T (6).

Thoracic (Dorsal) Spine - Twelve spinal segments (T1-T12) incorporating the 12 ribs of the thorax. Other than a slight increase in size from top to bottom, they are fairly uniform in appearance.

Thoracic Curvature - Any spinal curvature in which the apex of the curve is between the second and eleventh thoracic vertebrae.

Thoracolumbar Curve - Any spinal curvature that has its apex at the twelfth thoracic or first lumbar vertebra.

Thoracolumbosacral Orthosis (TLSO) - A type of brace immobilizing the thoracic lumbar and sacral spine. This may be used to help stabilize/ prevent progression of scoliosis curve(s) while a child is growing, or to immobilize the spine after surgery.

TLIF - Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion - A minimally invasive technique for performing an anterior fusion (front of the spine) of 2 vertebrae from a posterior approach.

Transition Syndrome - A degenerative change with bony instability above or below a previous fusion.