Glossary items beginning with T (6).
Thoracic (Dorsal) Spine - Twelve spinal segments (T1-T12) incorporating the 12 ribs of the thorax. Other than a slight increase in size from top to bottom, they are fairly uniform in appearance.
Thoracic Curvature - Any spinal curvature in which the apex of the curve is between the second and eleventh thoracic vertebrae.
Thoracolumbar Curve - Any spinal curvature that has its apex at the twelfth thoracic or first lumbar vertebra.
Thoracolumbosacral Orthosis (TLSO) - A type of brace immobilizing the thoracic lumbar and sacral spine. This may be used to help stabilize/ prevent progression of scoliosis curve(s) while a child is growing, or to immobilize the spine after surgery.
TLIF - Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion - A minimally invasive technique for performing an anterior fusion (front of the spine) of 2 vertebrae from a posterior approach.
Transition Syndrome - A degenerative change with bony instability above or below a previous fusion.