Scoliosis Research Society
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Congenital Scoliosis

  • Due to improper formation of vertebrae
  • Due to improper separation of vertebrae
  • No known cause
  • Usually requires monitoring by a spine specialist
  • Will require surgery in many cases

Figure. Types of congenital scoliosis

Special Imaging Evaluation


• Used to evaluate spinal cord and brain • Often recommend in cases of congenital scoliosis • No radiation • May require sedation or anesthetic in young children


• Used to evaluate kidneys and heart • Kidneys and heart develop at the same time as the spine and ultrasound can look for abnormalities

CT Scan

• High quality bone imaging • Large radiation dose • Usually done for pre-operative planning

Figure. CT 3D reconstruction showing a T12 "butterfly" vertebra (cleaved in center) and right 3 hemi-vertebra.

Treatment Options