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This surgical procedure is aimed at stopping abnormal growth on one side of the spine with the hope that continued growth on the other side will result in correction of the curve over time. Every curve has a concave and convex side. If the growth centers are removed and spinal fusion is performed on the convex side, the concave side might continue to grow, possibly improving the curve. As noted, these procedures can be unpredictable in young children with abnormal vertebrae in their back.