Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)
Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)
An International Organization Dedicated to the Education, Research and Treatment of Spinal Deformity
Our Mission is to Foster Optimal Care for All Patients with Spinal Deformities
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Infantile Scoliosis

Surgery

An operation is sometimes necessary to address spinal deformity in the young child, and the decision to do this is based on many factors. If the child's curve has shown progression despite bracing or casting, something different will need to be done (Figure 1). The dilemma faced by the surgeon is how to stop the progression of a curve without adversely affecting future growth. Sometimes this is unavoidable, as most operations work by stopping abnormal spinal growth in a procedure called spinal fusion.

 

Two year old white male with thirty degree infantile scoliosis. Four year old male with now a sixty degree progressive curve despite brace wear.
Figure 1B: Two year old white male with thirty degree infantile scoliosis. Figure 1A: Four year old male with now a sixty degree progressive curve despite brace wear.