Ethiopia is a country located in the horn of East Africa with a population of approximately 90 million. It is the third most populous country in Africa, though the majority of the population remains in a rural setting. Addis Ababa itself is a vibrant capital city with a population of around 5-6 million and located at an altitude of 2,500 meters above sea level.
Healthcare in Ethiopia is provided primarily by Government institutions but there are a number of private hospitals and clinics to complement this. Spinal Surgery is largely provided by the neurosurgical departments and is available mainly in the capital city Addis Ababa. There is currently no surgical service available in the whole country offering a scoliosis deformity corrective procedure.
Tikur Anbessa Hospital (Black Lion Hospital) is a very big government university hospital with over 700 beds where treatment is predominantly free and has more or less all medical and surgical specialties including paediatric surgery with 6-bedded paediatric Intensive Care Unit. The adult surgical specialty is also supported by a 6-7 bedded Intensive Care Unit. The whole surgical department also benefits from the different surgical specialty residency program that is very active and filled with very eager and enthusiastic residents.
There is an unimaginable case load of spinal deformity with a predominance of congenital and early onset kyphoscoliotic deformity and equally a significant number of children with posttuberculosis spinal deformity who have severe disabilities. There is a huge and an unquantifiable demand for spinal deformity surgery in Ethiopia.