Dr. Russell A. Hibbs, Surgeon-in-Chief of the New York Orthopaedic Dispensary and Hospital published on three cases of Pott’s Disease who had posterior spinal fusion to obliterate motion of the diseased portion of the spine. This was the first operated spinal fusion to be reported. Dr. Hibbs wrote: “The treatment of lateral curvature is still more unsatisfactory; the deformity is more complicated and its cause less definitely understood.” He then used his spinal fusion to treat scoliosis and kyphosis. His first operation for scoliosis was June 23, 1914. During the years 1914 to 1919, fifty-nine cases of scoliosis were treated by his fusion techniques at the New York Orthopaedic Dispensary and Hospital.