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Other Types of Early Onset Scoliosis

Neuromuscular Scoliosis

Introduction

Neuromuscular disorders affecting the spine can result from neuropathic (nervous system-related) disorders like Cerebral Palsy (CP), Spinal Muscle Atrophy (SMA), or trauma to the spinal cord; or myopathic (muscular system-related) disorders like Muscular Dystrophy, Poliomyelitis, or Arthrogryposis. Children with spina bifida can also develop varying forms of spinal deformity depending on the level of involvement. The deformity may affect the cervical, cervico-thoracic, thoracic, thoracolumbar or lumbar spine and or combination of these, depending on underlying neuromuscular condition and level of neurologic defect. It may be predominantly scoliosis, kyphosis, lordosis or a combination. Unlike the other types of scoliosis, treatment of neuromuscular scoliosis is very unpredictable, mostly because the abnormal curves of the spine are also unpredictable.

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