Scoliosis Research Society

Syndromic Scoliosis

Scoliosis can occur as part of many syndromic diseases (both genetic and non-genetic syndromes). Examples include:

  • Marfan syndrome
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
  • Other connective tissue disorders
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Osteochondrodystrophy (dwarfism)
  • Neurofibromatosis (NF)
  • Noonan Syndrome
  • VATER/VACTERL Syndrome
  • Angelman Syndrome
  • Rett
  • Prader Willi
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Trisomy 21 (Down's Syndrome)


Highly variable based on underlying syndrome and size of scoliosis. Usually not painful, but when severe can cause discomfort and/or pain with seating.


When a child is diagnosed with a syndrome known to cause scoliosis, screening for scoliosis will begin fairly early. Examinations of the back, including x-rays, will be performed on a regular basis.


Because the natures of the causal syndromes are so varied, the curves that they cause in the spine progress at varied rates. Close assessment and follow-up with your pediatrician and your spine surgeon will help to manage effects of scoliosis and ensure that intervention is arranged when necessary.


Treatment Options