Scoliosis Research Society
SRS: Scoliosis Research Society

Scoliosis Research Society

Dedicated to the optimal care of patients with spinal deformity

Syndromic Scoliosis

Scoliosis can occur as part of many syndromic diseases (both genetic and non-genetic syndromes). Examples include:

  • Marfan syndrome
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
  • Other connective tissue disorders
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Osteochondrodystrophy (dwarfism)
  • Neurofibromatosis (NF)
  • Noonan Syndrome
  • VATER/VACTERL Syndrome
  • Angelman Syndrome
  • Rett
  • Prader Willi
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Trisomy 21 (Down's Syndrome)


Highly variable based on underlying syndrome and size of scoliosis. Usually not painful, but when severe can cause discomfort and/or pain with seating.


When a child is diagnosed with a syndrome known to cause scoliosis, screening for scoliosis will begin fairly early. Examinations of the back, including x-rays, will be performed on a regular basis.


Because the natures of the causal syndromes are so varied, the curves that they cause in the spine progress at varied rates. Close assessment and follow-up with your pediatrician and your spine surgeon will help to manage effects of scoliosis and ensure that intervention is arranged when necessary.


Treatment Options

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